TibArmy Selective Bibliography

Andrade, Tonio, 2016, The Gunpowder Age: China, Military Innovation, and the Rise of the West in World History, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

——— 2015, Tonio Andrade, “Late Medieval Divergences: Comparative Perspectives on Early Gunpowder Warfare in Europe and China,” Journal of Medieval Military History 13, 247–276.

Bartholomeusz, Tessa , 2002, In Defence of Dharma: Just-war Ideology in Buddhist Sri Lanka, Routledge, London.

Bell, Charles, 1987 [1946], Portrait of a Dalai Lama. The Life and Times of the Great Thirteenth, Wisdom Publications, London.

——— 1992 [1928], The People of Tibet, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, New Delhi.

Berounsky, Daniel, 2009, “ ‘Soul of enemy’ and warrior deities (dgra bla): Two Tibetan myths on primordial  battle”, Mongolo‑Tibetica Pragensia ’09, Ethnolinguistics, Sociolinguistics,Religion and Culture, Volume 2, No. 2, Special Commemorative Issue in Honour of  Assoc. Prof. J. Lubsangdorji on his 70th birthday, 19–57.

Bertsch, Wolfgang, 2001, “Tibetan Army Badges,” The Tibet Journal, vol. 26, no. 1, spring 2001, S. 35–72.

——— 2003–2004, “Medals from Tibet (1912–1937),” Numismatic Digest, Indian Institute of Research in Numismatic Studies Publications, vol. 27–28, Anjaneri.

——— 2010, “Die modern tibetische Armee (1912–1959),” Tibet Encyclopedie, online http://www.tibet-encyclopaedia.de/moderne-armee.html.

Black, Jeremy, 2004, Rethinking Military History, Routledge, London and New York, 49–58.

Chen Xiaoqiang, 2005, “The Qing Court’s Troop Deployment in Tibet and its Expenditure,” China Tibetology Publishing House, Beijing (online www.tibet.cn).

Conboy, Kenneth and Morrison, James, 2002, The CIA’s Secret War in Tibet, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.

Crossley, Pamela K., 1997, The Manchus, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

Dai, Yincong, 2009, The Sichuan Frontier and Tibet. Imperial Strategy in the Early Qing, University of Washington Press, Seattle and London.

Dalton, Jacob P., 2011, The Taming of the Demons: Violence and Liberation in Tibetan Buddhism, Yale University Press, New Haven.

Dunham, Mikel, 2004, Buddha’s Warriors: The Story of the CIA-Backed Tibetan Freedom Fighters, the Chinese Invasion, and the Ultimate Fall of Tibet, Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin, New York.

Dwang slob ’go ’dzin rgyal rtse rnam rgyal dbang ’dud [sic], 1976, Bod ljongs rgyal khab chen po’i srid lugs dang ’brel ba’i drag po’i dmag gi lo rgyus rags bsdus, Tibetan Cultural Printing Press, Dharamsala.

Dwang slob mda’ zur spyi ’thus rgyal rtse rnam rgyal dbang ’dus, 2003, Bod rgyal khab kyi chab srid dang ’brel ba’i dmag don lo rgyus, Bod dmag rnying pa’i skyid sdug, Dharamsala, vol. 1 and 2.

Elliot, Mark, 2001, The Manchu Way, Stanford University Press, Stanford.

Faure, Bernard, 2008, Bouddhisme et violence, Cavalier bleu, Paris.

FitzHerbert, George, 2015, “On the Relevance of the Gesar epic in the 18th Century: Sumpa Khenpo’s Letters to the Panchen Lama” in EMSCAT 46, online.

——— 2016, “An Early Tibetan Gesar bsang Text”, Archiv Orientální 84 (3), 1–60.

FitzHerbert, S. G. and Travers, Alice (eds), Asian Influences on Tibetan Military History between the 17th and 20th Centuries, Special Issue of the Revue d’Etudes Tibetaines, n°53, mars 2020, 367 p.

Fredholm, Michael, 2007, “The Impact of Manchu Institutions on Tibetan Military Reform,” unpublished paper at the 6th Nordic Tibet Conference, 5–6 May 2007, online.

Galvany, Albert and Graziani, Romain, 2014, La guerre en perspective: histoire et culture militaire en Chine. Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident 38.

Gentry, James, 2009, “Representations of Efficacy: The Ritual Expulsion of Mongol Armies in the Consolidation and Expansion of the Tsang (Gtsang) Dynasty” in Cabezon J. (ed.) 2009. Tibetan Ritual. New York: Oxford University Press: 131-163.

——— 2017, Power Objects in Tibetan Buddhism: The Life, Writings, and Legacy of Sokdokpa Lodrö Gyeltsen. Leiden: Brill.

Goldstein, Melvyn C., 1964, “A Study of the Ldab Ldob, Central Asiatic Journal 9 (2), 125–41.

——— 1993 [1989], A History of Modern Tibet. Vol. 1: The Demise of the Lamaist State (19131951), Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, New Delhi.

——— 2007, Vol. 2: The Calm before the Storm (19511955), University of California Press Berkeley.

Gruzinsky, Serge, 2001, “Les mondes mêlés de la Monarchie catholique et autres ‘connected histories’,” Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales 56 (1), 85–117.

Gyaltse Namgyal Wangdue, 2010 and 2012, Political and Military History of Tibet, vol. 1 and 2, translated by Yeshi Dhondup, LTWA, Dharamsala.

Heathcote, T.H., 1995, The military in British India: the development of British land forces in South Asia, 16001947, Manchester University Press, New York.

Heller, Amy, 2006, “Armor and Weapons in the Iconography of Tibetan Buddhist Deities,” in D.J. LaRocca, Warriors of the Himalayas. Rediscovering the Arms and Armor of Tibet The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Yale University Press, New York, 35–42.

Hinnells, John R., and King, Richard (ed.), 2007, Religion and Violence in South Asia: Theory and Practice, Routledge, London.

Hyer, Paul, 1972, “A Half Century of Japanese-Tibetan Contact 1900–1950,” Bulletin of the Institute of China Border Studies 3.

——— 1982, “Yasujiro Yajima—the Japanese Military Adviser to Tibet,” Tibetan Review 6, 8–15.

Jagou, Fabienne, 2012 [2004 fr.], The Ninth Panchen Lama (1883-1937): A Life at the Crossroads of Sino-Tibetan Relations, Silkworms Books, Chiang Mai.

Jerryson, Michael and Juergensmeyer, Mark (ed.), 2010, Buddhist Warfare, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Kapstein, Matthew, 2007, The Tibetans, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

Kaushik, Roy, 2011, War, culture, and society in early modern South Asia, 17401849, Routledge, New York.

Khreng ping, 1981, “Bod dmag gi lo rgyus mdor bsdus,” Bod kyi lo rgyus rig gnas dpyad gzhi’i rgyu cha bdams bsgrigs, Bod ljongs chab gros rig gnas lo rgyus dpyad gzhi’i rgyu cha zhib ’jug u yon lhan khang, Bod ljongs mi dmangs dpe skrun khang, Lha sa, vol. 4, 180-207.

Kramer, Mark, 2006, “Great-Power Rivalries, Tibetan Guerrilla Resistance, and the Cold War in South Asia,” Journal of Cold War Studies 8 (3), 5–14.

LaRocca, Donald J., 2006, Warriors of the Himalayas. Rediscovering the Arms and Armor of Tibet, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Yale University Press, New York.

——— 2008, “Tibetan Warriors: The Challenges of Presenting the Warlike Side of a Peaceful Culture,” in Challenges and Choices in a Changing World: Proceedings of the ICOMAM Conference, Vienna 2007, Heeresgeschlichtliches Museum, Vienna.

Lorge, Peter A., 2008, The Asian Military Revolution: From Gunpowder to the Bomb, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Mass.

Lozang Jamspal, 2006,  “The Gongkhang, Temple of the guardian Deities,” in D.J. LaRocca, op. cit., 43–49.

Maher, Derek, 2010, “Sacralized Warfare: The fifth dalai lama and the discourse of religious violence”, in Michael K. Jerryson and Mark Juergensmeyer (eds), Buddhist Warfare, Oxford Unity Press, 77–90.

May, Timothy, 2007, The Mongol Art of War, Westholme, Yardley.

McGranahan, Carole, 2010, Arrested Histories. Tibet, the CIA and Memories of a Forgotten War, Duke University Press, Durham and London.

Mehra, Parshotam, “Tibet and its army”, The Tibet Journal, vol. 32, n°4 (Winter 2007), p. 33-60.

Nebesky Wojkowitz, René de, 1975 [1956], Oracles and Demons of Tibet. The Cult and Iconography of the Tibetan Protective Deities, Graz.

Nima Chodon, 2011, “The Chu bzhi sgang drug Resistance Movement against the Chinese Occupation of Tibet (June 1958 to April 1959),” MA Dissertation in History, INALCO, Paris.

Paret, Peter, 1991, “The New Military History,” Parameters: The Journal of the Army War College, 21 (3), 10–18.

Pa sangs nor bu, 1992, “Bod dmag skor gyi gnad don ’gar cung zad dpyad pa,” China Tibetology 1, 3–33.

Petech, Luciano, 1950, China and Tibet in the early 18th century: history of the establishment of Chinese protectorate in Tibet, Brill, Leiden.

——— 1990, Central Tibet and the Mongols: the Yuan-Sa-skya period of Tibetan history, Istituto italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente, Roma.

——— “The Tibetan-Ladakhi-Moghul War (1681-1683)”, in Petech, L. Selected Papers on Asian History, Roma: Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente, 1988 (Série Orientale Roma LX).

Ramble, Charles, 2006, Sacral kings and divine sovereigns: principles of Tibetan monarchy in theory and practice. In D. Sneath (ed.) Power, Place and the Subject in Inner Asia. Bellingham/Cambridge: Western Washington University.

——— 2002a, The Victory Song of Porong. In K. Buffetrille and H. Diemberger (eds), Territory and Identity in Tibet and the Himalayas. Leiden: Brill.

Roberts, Michael, 1995 [first presented in 1955], “The Military Revolution, 1560–1660,” in The Military Revolution Debate: Readings on the Military Transformation of Early Modern Europe, C.J. Rogers (ed.), Westview Press, Boulder, 13–36

Ruegg, Seyfort D., 1991, “Mchod yon, yon mchod and mchod gnas/yon gnas: On the Historiography and Semantics of a Tibetan Religio-social and Religio-political Concept,” in E. Steinkeller (ed.) Tibetan History and Language: Studies Dedicated to Uray Géza on his Seventieth Birthday, Arbeitskreis für Tibetische und Buddhistische Studien Universität Wien, Wien, 441–53.

Schwieger, Peter, 2015, The Dalai Lama and the Emperor of China. A Political History of the Tibetan Institution of Reincarnation, Columbia University Press, New York.

——— 2021, Conflict in a Buddhist Society: Tibet under the Dalai Lamas, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu.

Shakabpa, Tsepon W.D., 2010, One Hundred Thousand Moons, An advanced political history of Tibet, vol. 1 and 2, Brill, Leiden.

Shu-hui Wu., 1996. « How the Qing Army Entered Tibet in 1728 After the Tibetan Civil War ». In ZAS 26: 122-138.

Sperling, Elliot, 2001, “Orientalism and aspects of violence in the Tibetan Tradition,” in Thierry Dodin and Heinz Räther (ed.), Imagining Tibet. Perceptions, Projections, and Fantasies, Wisdom, Somerville, 317–29.

Stein, Rolf A., 1959, Recherches sur l’Épopée et le Barde au Tibet, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris.

——— 1972 [1962], Tibetan civilization, Stanford University Press, Standford.

Stoddard, Heather, “The Great ‘Phi gling dmag zlog’ of 1888.The first hands-on confrontation between Tibet and the British Rajwith the participation of leading lineage holders of the ‘1 900 Sngag mang Phur thog gos dkar lcang lo can’, lay mantrins of Reb kong, Amdo,in the Dga’ ldan Pho brang state military ritual to ‘Turn Back the Philing’ Foreigners,” Proceedings of the 11th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, 27 août-2 septembre 2006, Bonn.

Subrahmanyam, Sanjay, 1997, “Connected Histories: Notes Towards a Reconfiguration of Early Modem Eurasia,” Modern Asian Studies, 31(3), 735–62.

——— 2011a, Explorations in Connected History. From Tagus to the Ganges, OUP, Oxford.

——— 2011b, India and Explorations in Connected History. Mughals and Frank, OUP, Oxford.

Takeuchi, Tsuguhito, 2004, “The Tibetan Military System and its Activities in Khotan to Lop-Nor,” in The Silk Road. Trade, Travel, War and Faith, ed. S. Whitfield, Serindia Publications, Chicago, 50–56.

Tambiah, Stanley J., 1992, Buddhism betrayed?: Religion, Politics and Violence in Sri Lanka, University of Chicago press, Chicago.

Tatum III, William, 2006, “Challenging the New Military History: The Case of Eighteenth-Century British Army Studies,” History Compass 4, 1–13.

Travers, Alice, 2011a, “The Horse-Riding and Target-Shooting Contest for Lay Officials (drung ’khor rtsal rgyugs): Reflections on the Military Identity of the Tibetan Aristocracy at the Beginning of the 20th Century,” EMSCAT [online], URL: http://emscat.revues.org/index1850.html.

——— 2011b, The Careers of the Noble Officials of the Ganden Phodrang (1895-1959): Organisation and Hereditary Divisions within the Service of State,” in Kelsang Norbu Gurung, Tim Myatt, Nicola Schneider and Alice Travers (éds.), Revisiting Tibetan Culture and History, Proceedings of the Second International Seminar of Young Tibetologists, Paris, 2009, Volume 1, Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines 21, Octobre, 155–174.

——— 2015, “The Tibetan Army of the Ganden Phodrang in Various Legal Documents (17th-20th Centuries),” in Dieter Schuh (ed.), Secular Law and Order in the Tibetan Highland. Contributions to a workshop organized by the Tibet Institute in Andiast (Switzerland) on the occasion of the 65th birthday of Christoph Cüppers from the 8thof June to the 12th of June 2014, MONUMENTA TIBETICA HISTORICA, Abteilung III Band 13, Andiast, IITBS GmbH, 249–266.

——— 2016, “The Lcags stag dmag khrims (1950): A new development in Tibetan legal and military history ?,” in Bischoff J. and Mullard S. (eds), Social Regulation – Case Studies from Tibetan History, Leiden, Brill, 99–125.

——— 2022, Marching into View: The Tibetan Army in Historic Photographs 1895–1959, Potsdam, edition-tethys: wissenschaft/science vol. 5, 209 p.

Travers, Alice and Venturi, Federica (eds), 2018, Buddhism and the Military in Tibet during the Ganden Phodrang period (1642-1959), Special issue of the Cahiers d’Extrême Asie, EFEO, vol. 27.

Uray, Geza and Uebach, Helga, 1994, “Clan Versus Thousand-District Versus Army in the Tibetan Empire,” in P. Kvaerne (ed.), Tibetan Studies, The Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture, Oslo, 913–15.

Uray, Geza, 1960, “The Four Horns of Tibet according to the Royal Annals,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 10 (1), 31–57.

——— 1961, “Notes on a Tibetan Military Document from Dunhuang,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum 12, 223–30.

——— 1982, “Notes on the thousand-districts of the Tibetan Empire in the first half of the ninth century,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 30, 545–48.

Venturi, Federica, 2015, “The Thirteenth Dalai Lama on Warfare, Weapons, and the Right to Self-Defense”, Revue d’Etudes tibétaines (RET) 31, Papers for Elliot Sperling,  483–509.

——— 2019, “On Reconciling Buddhism and Violence: The Tibetan Army of the Dga’ ldan pho brang during the Tibet-Ladakh Conflict (1679-1683)”. Orofino, Giacomella (a cura di), Wind Horses. Tibetan, Himalayan and Mongolian StudiesNapoli: Università degli Studi di Napoli “l’Orientale”; ISMEO associazione Internazionale di Studi sul Mediterraneo e l’Oriente, 553-68.

Venturi, Federica and Travers, Alice (eds), 2021, Defence and Offence: Armour and Weapons in Tibetan Culture, Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale 2, vol. 57, supplemento.

Waley-Cohen, Joanna, 2006, The Culture of War in China. Empire and the Military under the Qing Dynasty, Tauris & Co, New York, 93.

Zimmermann, Michael (ed.), 2006, Buddhism and Violence, Lumbini International Research Institute, Lumbini.

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