All posts by Estelle Car

Asian Influences on Tibetan Military History between the 17th and 20th Centuries

The second collective volume of the TibArmy project has come out:

S.G. FitzHerbert and Alice Travers (eds), Asian Influences on Tibetan Military History between the 17th and 20th Centuries, Special Issue of the Revue d’Etudes Tibetaines, n°53, mars 2020, 367 p.

Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines

Numéro cinquante-trois – Mars 2020

 

 Asian Influences on Tibetan Military History between the 17th and 20th Centuries

 

Edited by

S.G. FitzHerbert and Alice Travers

 

§  Full text    (9.6 MB) 

§  Cover, contents    (89 kb, pp. i-iv) 

§  Acknowledgements    (60 kb, p. 5)

§  Notes on Transcription and Transliteration of Terms in Asian Languages    (52 kb, p. 6)

§  Introduction: The Ganden Phodrang’s Military Institutions and Culture between the 17th and the 20th Centuries, at a Crossroads of Influences    (1.1 MB, pp. 7-28)
    author: Solomon George FitzHerbert and Alice Travers 

§  Mongol and Tibetan Armies on the Trans-Himalayan Fronts in the Second Half of the 17th Century, with a Focus on the Autobiography of the Fifth Dalai Lama    (484 kb, pp. 29-55)
    author: Federica Venturi 

§  The Zunghar Conquest of Central Tibet and its Influence on Tibetan Military Institutions in the 18th Century    (491 kb, pp. 56-113)
    author: Hosung Shim 

§  Tibetan and Qing Troops in the Gorkha Wars (1788–1792) as Presented in Chinese Sources: A Paradigm Shift in Military Culture    (695 kb, pp. 114-146)
    author: Ulrich Theobald 

§  Meritocracy in the Tibetan Army after the 1793 Manchu Reforms: The Career of General Zurkhang Sichö Tseten    (481 kb, pp. 147-177)
    author: Alice Travers 

§  The Geluk Gesar: Guandi, the Chinese God of War, in Tibetan Buddhism from the 18th to 20th Centuries    (1.5 MB, pp. 178-266)
    author: Solomon George FitzHerbert 

§  A Visual Representation of the Qing Political and Military Presence in Mid-19th Century Tibet    (1.7 MB, pp. 267-302)
    author: Diana Lange 

§  Zhang Yintang’s Military Reforms in 1906–1907 and their aftermath—The Introduction of Militarism in Tibet    (660 kb, pp. 303-340)
    author: Ryosuke Kobayashi 

§  Japanese Visitors to Tibet in the Early 20th Century and their Impact on Tibetan Military Affairs—with a Focus on Yasujirō Yajima    (582 kb, pp. 341-364)
    author: Yasuko Komoto 

§  List of Authors    (104 kb, pp. 365-367)

 

PANEL CONFERENCE AT UCLA: BUDDHISM AND VIOLENCE IN ASIA

November 1st 2019, 14.00-16.00, conference by Alice Travers, Ryosuke Kobayashi and Federica Venturi, Charles E. Young Research Library Presentation Room UCLA

Schigatse, tibetisches Militär mit Dzong, Truppenparade (Shigatse, Tibetan Army with castle, military parade).

Alice Travers (CNRS, France), Ryosuke Kobayashi (Kyushu University, Japan), Federica Venturi (CNRS, France/ USA) are invited by UCLA Asia Pacific Center to a panel presentation which tackles the question of Buddhism and Violence in Asia through “The Case of the Military in Tibet during the Ganden Phodrang Period (1642 – 1959)”. The panel aims to examine the rapport between the Buddhist government of the Dalai Lama and its army from multiple viewpoints:

Alice Travers, CNRS, CRCAO: “TibArmy’s Recent Research Developments on the Theme of Buddhism and the Military in Tibet”

Ryosuke Kobayashi, Kyushu University: “Militarization of Dargyé Monastery: Contested Borders on the Sino-Tibetan Frontier during the Early Twentieth Century”

Federica Venturi, CNRS, CRCAO / UCLA: “His Holiness’ Army: Some examples from the Documents of the Fifth and Thirteenth Dalai Lamas”

To read more about the panel conference:
https://www.international.ucla.edu/apc/centralasia/event/13955

Buddhism and the Military in Tibet during the Ganden Phodrang Period (1642-1959)

The first collective volume of the TibArmy project has been published as a special issue of the Cahiers d’Extrême-Asie (EFEO, Paris) in July 2019:

Alice Travers and Federica Venturi (eds), Buddhism and the Military in Tibet during the Ganden Phodrang period (1642-1959), Special issue of the Cahiers d’Extrême Asie, EFEO, vol. 27, 2018.

Table of content:

Alice TRAVERS & Federica VENTURI
À nos lecteurs / To Our Readers
Note on Transliteration and Transcription of Tibetan Terms
Introduction
Alice TRAVERS & Federica VENTURI
Le bouddhisme comme fin et moyens de l’armée du Ganden Phodrang : une introduction aux relations des sphères bouddhique et militaire au Tibet (1642-1959)
Buddhism, Both the Means and the End of the Ganden Phodrang Army: An Introduction to Buddhism vis-à-vis the Military in Tibet (1642–1959)
Contributions
Federica VENTURI: To Protect and to Serve: The Military in Tibet as Described by the Fifth Dalai Lama
Solomon G. FITZHERBERT: Rituals as War Propaganda in the Establishment of the Tibetan Ganden Phodrang State in the Mid-17th Century
Marlene ERSCHBAMER: Tibetan Troops Fighting the “Enemy of Buddhist Doctrine” (bstan dgra): The Invasions of the Gorkhas as Witnessed by Two Tibetan Masters of the Barawa (’Ba’ ra ba) Tradition
KOBAYASHI Ryōsuke 小林亮介: Militarisation of Dargyé Monastery: Contested Borders on the Sino-Tibetan Frontier during the Early Twentieth Century
Stacey VAN VLEET: Strength, Defence, and Victory in Battle: Tibetan Medical Institutions and the Ganden Phodrang Army, 1897–1938
Alice TRAVERS: Monk Officials as Military Officers in the Tibetan Ganden Phodrang Army (1895–1959)
Auteurs du présent volume / Contributors to This Volume

IATS 2019 – TibArmy Panel

Wed. 10 July 2019, 8.30-12.40

Venue

Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales – 65 rue des Grands Moulins – 75013 Paris

Room 3.15

Website of the IATS

Download the IATS programme

The Many Wars of the Ganden Phodrang (1642-1959)

Download the panel’s programme and abstracts

Panel organizers:

Dr Ryosuke Kobayashi, Kyushu University, Japan

Dr Alice Travers, CNRS, CRCAO, France

Organised in the framework of the TibArmy project with the core team and invited participants, this panel studies the numerous wars fought by the Tibetan armies both in internal and international contexts during the Ganden Phodrang period. It seeks to document less-known armed conflicts and shed light on other better-known events through new sources, depicting how battles were then fought; it also analyses the role of wars, be they won or lost, as generating change on four levels: in the development of the Tibetan military institutions themselves; in the development of the Tibetan government; in the links between army and society; in international politics.

Chair: Alice Travers; Discussant: Tashi Tsering Josayma

8:30 Ryosuke Kobayashi, Alice Travers – Panel Introduction

8:40 Federica Venturi – The Fifth Dalai Lama and the Conflict with Bhutan in 1668

9:05 Yuri Komatsubara – Tibetan Policies during the First Sino-Gurkha War (1788-1789)

9:30 Dai Yingcong – The Gurkha Wars and the Shift of the Qing Tibetan Policy during the Qianlong-JiaqingTransition, 1780-1820

9:55 Jeannine Bischoff – Rewarding a Paid Sword – A 1904 Letter of Honour by the bka’ shag for Soldiers Who Fought the British Invaders

10:20 Coffee break

Chair: Ryosuke Kobayashi; Discussant: Tashi Tsering Josayma

10:50 Federica Venturi – Presentation of the TibArmy project: A Timeline of Wars during the Ganden Phodrang Period

11:00 Ryosuke Kobayashi – The Ganden Phodrang Army and the Sino-Tibetan Border Conflict in 1918

11:25 Alice Travers – Borders’ Defence at Wartime: the Role of Local Militia (yul dmag) and Border Guards (sa srung) in the Early 20th Century

11:50 Alex Raymond – The Battle of Chamdo (October 1950)

12:15 Discussion

12:40 Lunch

Around 60 people came to the TibArmy panel on 10 July 2019:

Seminar cycle: The fortresses of Ladakh: evolution of a defensive infrastructure at the interface between the Tibetan and Central-Asian spheres

Conference by Quentin Devers, Wednesday 19 June 2019, 5.30- 7.00 PM, INALCO (room 3.11)

View of the Fortress of Anley, one of the main residences of Sengge Namgyal (1616-1623 / 1624-1642), on the border between Ladakh and Guge (photo by Quentin Devers, 2018)

Ladakh extends over a territory previously divided between the Tibetan and Central-Asian spheres. Because of this particular situation, a wide diversity of groups have inhabited the region: Dards, “Mons”, Turks, Tibetans, Mongols, etc. have left a rich array of archaeological remains for us to study all over the country. Its important mineral resources (gold, iron, copper, chrome) as well as international trade routes have attracted since times immemorial hordes of bandits and armies of all kinds, leading to the development of the densest defensive infrastructure of the Tibetan plateau. This seminar aims at covering the evolution of military architecture in the region, the differences between the fortresses of the numerous cultures represented , and how this diversity enabled the emergence of the famous fortified palaces of Ladakh – the architectural precursors of a number of the great palaces of the Ganden Phodrang such as the Potala.

To see more about the archaeology of Ladakh: instagram.com/ladakharchaeology