Alice Travers

Alice Travers, Principal Investigator of the project, is a permanent researcher in Tibetan history at the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), affiliated to the East Asian Civilisations Research Centre (CRCAO, UMR 8155, Paris, France, http://www.crcao.fr/).

Her work has focused on social history in pre-1959 Tibet, especially on the Lhasa aristocracy (PhD dissertation in 2009 and several published articles on this elite and on the careers of officials in the Ganden Phodrang administration) and on the intermediate/middle classes of Central Tibet (papers in the framework of the ANR-DFG project SHTS). She carries on research on the Tibetan aristocracy within the ANR-DFG project TibStat.

She worked on the Tibetan military history under the Ganden Phodrang government in the context of a post-doc position dedicated to the various reforms of the Tibetan army from 1895 to 1951. Since then she has been working on particular aspects of the Tibetan army according to legal sources (see her activities and publications related to the history of the Tibetan army below).

Within the framework of TibArmy and besides coordinating the research team, Alice Travers works on two particular aspects: the institutional development and the social history of the Tibetan Army from 1642-1959. She works on a book 1) analysing the evolution of the military institution under the Ganden Phodrang from its premises in the 17th century, the inception of standing army in the 18th century and through its several reforms until the 1950s; 2) bringing a social history light on this military institution through a prosopographical approach of the Tibetan soldiers.

Academic webpage

Activities and publications related to the history of the Ganden phodrang army:

Conferences

 « TibArmy’s Recent Research Developments on the Theme of Buddhism and the Military in Tibet », Workshop of the ERC project   « The Tibetan Army of the Dalai Lamas » (TibArmy) organisé à l’Asia Pacific Center de l’Université de Californie-Los Angeles (UCLA), Buddhism and Violence in Asia: The Case of the Military in Tibet during the Ganden Phodrang Period (1642–1959), 01/11/2019:  https://www.international.ucla.edu/apc/centralasia/event/13955

 « Borders’ Defence at Wartime: the Role of Local Militia (yul dmag) and Border Guards (sa srung) in the Early 20th Century », Panel TibArmy at the 15th congress of the International Association for Tibetan Studies (IATS), The Many Wars of the Ganden Phodrang (1642-1959), Panel 38, INALCO, Paris, 10/07/2019: https://tibarmy.hypotheses.org/tibarmy-international-conferences/the-many-wars-of-the-ganden-phodrang-panel-iats-2019

 « The Modernisation of the Tibetan Army’s Firearms from 1896 to 1950: Between Local Production and Import », ERC-project International Study Day « The Tibetan Army of the Dalai Lamas » (TibArmy), Defense and Offense: A Workshop on Armour and Weapons in Tibetan CultureÉcole Normale Supérieure, Paris, 29/11/2018https://tibarmy.hypotheses.org/1286

 « The Bodyguard Regiment (Ka dang sku srung dmag sgar) of the Ganden Phodrang Army », TibArmy monthly Seminar, La Maison de l’Asie, Paris, 15/11/2018https://f.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/3537/files/2018/11/Affiche_AT.pdf

 « The Career of a Tibetan Army General, Zur khang Sri gcod tshe brtan, after the 1793 Manchu Military Reforms », International Seminar « The Tibetan Army of the Dalai Lamas » (TibArmy), Military Culture in Tibet during the Ganden Phodrang Period (1642-1959): The Interaction between Tibetan and Other Asian Military Traditions, Wolfson College, Oxford, 18/06/2018https://tibarmy.hypotheses.org/944

 « Social mobility in the Tibetan army (17th-20th centuries) », Conference at Columbia (Columbia University Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures), 28/03/2018: http://ealac.columbia.edu/alice-travers-talk-on-march-28th/

« La mobilité sociale dans l’armée tibétaine (XVIIe-XXe siècles) », Seminar of the Institut d’Asie Orientale, ENS Lyon, 30/11/2017.

 « Monk officials (rtse drung) as military officers in the Ganden Phodrang Army (1895-1959) », International Seminar from the ERC project « The Tibetan Army of the Dalai Lamas » (TibArmy), The Ganden Phodrang Army and Buddhism, EPHE, Paris, 11/07/2017.

« Jalons pour une histoire visuelle de l’armée tibétaine (1904-1959)», SEECHAC Cycle Conferences, Musée Cernuschi, Paris, 20/06/2017.

« Social History of the Tibetan Army, sources for a prosopographic approach », TibArmy, Monthly Seminar at INALCO, Paris, 02/06/2017.

 « Histoire de l’armée des Dalaï-lamas (1642-1959) : présentation du projet TibArmy », Seminar of the Institut d’Asie Orientale (IAO), ENS Lyon, 07/03/2017.

 « The challenges of maintaining a standing army: the reforms of the Tibetan troops during the first half of the 20th century », Conference  in the Research Seminar in Tibetan and Himalayan Studies, Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, Faculty of Humanities, Université d’Oslo, 15/12/2016.

« L’armée des Dalaï-lamas (1642-1959) : présentation du projet TibArmy », Study day of the SFEMT, Études tibétaines en France, INALCO, Paris, 9-10/10/2016.

« The fortunes and misfortunes of the Tibetan army’s reforms during the first half of the 20th century (1895-1951) », Conference of the London Institute of Tibetan Studies: Shang Shung, Institute, SOAS, Londres, 26/03/2015.

“The Tibetan army of the Dga’ ldan pho brang in various legal documents (17th–20th c.),” Secular Law and Order in Tibetan Highland Conference (Andiast, Switzerland), 09/06/2014.

“”God Save the Queen” au Tibet : le Raj britannique et la modernisation de l’armée tibétaine (1904–1950) [“God Save the Queen:” the British Raj and the modernisation of the Tibetan army (1904–1950)],” Seminar of the Société Asiatique, Paris, France, 16/05/2014.

« The life and status of the Dga’ ldan pho brang soldiers, as they appear in a military law code, the “Lcags stag dmag khrims” (1950) », Colloque international du projet franco-allemand ANR/DFG « Social History of Tibetan Societies (1642-1959) » (SHTS), Recapturing the Tibetans who escaped the historian’s net, Bonn, 27-28/05/2013.

“L’armée tibétaine dans la première moitié du XXe siècle : héritages, organisation et réformes [The Tibetan army during the first half of the 20th century: heritages, organisation and reforms],” Cycle of seminars of the French Society for Tibetan Studies (SFEMT), Maison de l’Asie, Paris, France, 28/03/2013.

Publications

Travers, A., 2020, with Solomon George FitzHerbert (eds), Asian Influences on Tibetan Military History between the 17th and 20th CenturiesSpecial issue of the Revue d’Etudes Tibetaines (RET), n°53, mars, 367 p. Available online: http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_53.pdf

——— 2020, with Solomon George FitzHerbert, “Introduction: The Ganden Phodrang’s military institutions and culture between the 17th and the 20th centuries, at a crossroads of influences” 
in FitzHerbert S.G. and Travers A. (eds), Asian Influences on Tibetan Military History         between         the 17th and 20th CenturiesSpecial issue of the Revue d’Etudes Tibetaines 53, March, 7-28.
Available online:

———  2020, Meritocracy in the Tibetan army after the 1793 Manchu reforms: the career of General Zurkhang Sichö Tseten”in FitzHerbert G. and Travers A. (eds), S.G. FitzHerbert (eds), Asian Influences on Tibetan Military History between the 17th and 20th CenturiesSpecial issue of the Revue d’Etudes Tibetaines 53, March 2020, 147-177. Available online: http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_53_07.pdf

———  2018, with Federica Venturi (eds), Buddhism and the Military in Tibet during the Ganden Phodrang period (1642-1959), Special issue of the Cahiers d’Extrême-Asie, EFEO, vol. 27, 254 p. 

——— 2018, with Federica Venturi, “Buddhism, Both the Means and the End of the Ganden Phodrang Army: An Introduction to Buddhism vis-à-vis the Military in Tibet (1642–1959)”, in Travers A. and Venturi F. (eds), Buddhism and the Military in Tibet during the Ganden Phodrang period (1642-1959), Special issue of the Cahiers d’Extrême-Asie 27, 2018, 1-22. Available online: https://www.persee.fr/doc/asie_0766-1177_2018_num_27_1_1505

———  2018, “Monk officials as military officers in the Tibetan Ganden Phodrang army (1895–1959)”, in Travers A. and Venturi F. (eds), Buddhism and the Military in Tibet during the Ganden Phodrang period (1642-1959), Special issue of the Cahiers d’Extrême-Asie 27, 2018, 211-242. Available online:

https://www.persee.fr/doc/asie_0766-1177_2018_num_27_1_1512

——— 2016, “The Lcags stag dmag khrims (1950): A new development in Tibetan legal and military history ?,” in Bischoff J. and Mullard S. (eds), Social Regulation – Case Studies from Tibetan History, Leiden, Brill, 99–125.

——— 2015, “The Tibetan Army of the Ganden Phodrang in Various Legal Documents (17th-20th Centuries),” in Dieter Schuh (ed.), Secular Law and Order in the Tibetan Highland. Contributions to a workshop organized by the Tibet Institute in Andiast (Switzerland) on the occasion of the 65th birthday of Christoph Cüppers from the 8thof June to the 12th of June 2014, MONUMENTA TIBETICA HISTORICA, Abteilung III Band 13, Andiast, IITBS GmbH, 249–266.

——— 2011a, “The Horse-Riding and Target-Shooting Contest for Lay Officials (drung ’khor rtsal rgyugs): Reflections on the Military Identity of the Tibetan Aristocracy at the Beginning of the 20th Century,” EMSCAT [online], URL: http://emscat.revues.org/index1850.html.

——— 2011b, “The Careers of the Noble Officials of the Ganden Phodrang (1895-1959): Organisation and Hereditary Divisions within the Service of State,” in Kelsang Norbu Gurung, Tim Myatt, Nicola Schneider and Alice Travers (éds.), Revisiting Tibetan Culture and History, Proceedings of the Second International Seminar of Young Tibetologists, Paris, 2009, Volume 1, Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines 21, Octobre, 155–174.

Search OpenEdition Search

You will be redirected to OpenEdition Search